Abuse in nursing homes is a hot button topic. When our elderly relatives and friends reach a point in their lives when they require assisted living or hospitalization, we expect them to have the best care available. However, nursing home residents are routinely mistreated by the people we entrust to take care of them. Frequently, patients will not mention abuse they may be suffering, so it’s important for you to know what constitutes nursing home abuse and how to identify it. Some reports say that for every case of nursing home abuse that’s reported, there are five cases that are not reported.
Nursing home abuse come sin three forms: neglect, emotional and physical. General, easy-to-spot signs of these types of abuse include:
• Unexplained injuries like bruises, cuts and sores.
• Infections, rashes, rapid weight loss, dehydration and unsanitary conditions.
• Unusual behavior patterns, depression, irritation and isolation.
Neglect is the deprivation of care for a resident of a nursing home. Some examples of neglect are failure to feed, refusing to medicate, refusing to aid with a resident’s personal hygiene, failure to provide necessary medical care or failure to protect the resident from hazardous conditions like a wet floor or slippery sidewalk. Noticeable symptoms would be lice, bad breath or dirty bedding.
Emotional abuse is harder to detect than physical abuse or neglect, however, emotional abuse can be as harmful to a resident as any type of abuse. Examples of emotional abuse are humiliation, verbal threats or insulting language. Basically, any behavior that causes the resident fear or emotional pain is a form of emotional abuse. Symptoms that a resident has been emotionally abused include:
• Withdrawal from social settings.
• Refusal to speak or answer questions • Agitation or extreme depression • Compulsive behavior like thumb sucking, rocking and mumbling
Physical abuse is the easiest type of nursing home abuse to see. Examples of physical abuse are rape, failure to feed a resident, striking a resident, too much physical restraint or improperly medicating the resident. There are numerous symptoms of physical abuse.
• Ripped clothing • Broken eyeglasses • Bruises • Cuts • Burns
Rape is a heinous form of physical abuse. Sexual abuse includes inappropriate touching, rape, forcing a resident to pose for pornographic photos or videos, or exposing a resident to pornographic material. Symptoms of sexual abuse include bruises in the genital area, torn or bloodied underwear, bleeding from the vagina or anus, or the unexplainable occurrence of sexually transmitted diseases. Beware of caregivers who insist on overseeing a resident’s time with loves ones. They could be making sure the resident doesn’t report them for abuse.
Nursing home abuse is the result of an overworked or an under-trained, underpaid staff. Poor vetting of employees and inadequate personnel can also cause nursing home abuse.
If you suspect abuse, talk to the nurses and doctors at the facility. Try to vary your visitation schedule. If you see symptoms of nursing home abuse, file a report.